ACUPUNCTURE

bas akupunktur

DO YOU KNOW ACUPUNCTURE?

Acupuncture, originated from acus and punctura in Latin language, means to puncture with a needle.It is a kind of therapy not only resolves symptoms but also treats the disease or the condition itself.The acupuncture points are located on the meridians of the total body surface.The application of the treatment can be combined with moxibustion or done as electroacupuncture, microsystem acupuncture ( auricular, face, hand, scalp) and acupressure.

BACK GROUND OF ACUPUNCTURE

 

Han dynasty, 154 BC, North China. A peasant works in the millet fields in spring time. A bitterly cold north wind is blowing. In the afternoon after work, she has itchy throat, a runny nose, a cough and a severe stiff neck and headache. She visits the local acupuncturist who diagnoses an invasion of exterior Wind- Cold. The acupuncturist inserts a few needles in the peasant’ s hands and applies cupping to two points in the upper back, which produces a marked improvement after a few hours. AD 1988, London, England. A fund manager from the City of London suffers from anxiety and insomnia. He works long hours and under considerable pressure as he is responsible for the management of several million- pound funds. A colleague at work has tried acupuncture to stop smoking and recommends him to his acupuncturist who diagnoses a case of Liver- Qi Stagnation from the pressure of work. He inserts a few needles to remove the stagnation of Liver- Qi and calm the mind. After a few weekly treatments there is a considerable improvement. Such as the awesome power of Chinese medicine that, even if it originated thousands of years ago and came to maturity a few hundred years before Christ, it can successfully diagnose and treat twenty first century health problems generated by a life- style which is light- years away from that of the ancient peasant society from which Chinese medicine originated. Over its 3000 years of development, a wealth of experience has accumulated in the practice of acupuncture, attesting to the wide range of diseases and conditions that can be effectively treated with this approach. Unlike many other traditional methods of treatment, which tend to be specific to their national or cultural context, acupuncture has been used throughout the world, particularly since 1970s. In recognition of the increasing worldwide interest in the subject, the World Health Organization( WHO) conducted a symposium on acupuncture in June 1979 in Beijing, China. Physicians practicing acupuncture in different countries were invited to identify the conditions that might benefit from this therapy. The participants drew up a list of 43 suitable diseases. The interest and studies of WHO has continued to the Beijing Declaration which was published in 8 November 2008, Beijing, China.

 

DİSEASES AND DİSORDERS THAT CAN BE TREATED WITH ACUPUNCTURE

 

The diseases or disorders for which acupuncture therapy has been tested in controlled clinical trials reported in recent literature can be classified into four categories as shown below:

 

1- Diseases, symptoms or conditions for which acupuncture has been proved- through controlled trials- to be an effective treatment:

 

Adverse reactions to radiotherapy and/ or chemotherapy
Allergic rhinitis ( including hay fever)
Biliary colic
Depression ( including depressive neurosis and depression following stroke)
Dysentery, acute bacillary
Dysmenorrhoea, primary
Epigastralgia, acute ( in peptic ulcer, acute and chronic gastritis and gastrospasm)
Facial pain ( including craniomandibular disorders)
Headache

Hypertension, essential
Hypotension, primary
Induction of labour
Knee pain
Leukopenia
Low back pain
Malposition of fetus, correction of
Morning sickness
Nausea and vomiting
Neck pain
Pain in dentistry ( including dental pain and temporomandibular dysfunction)
Periarthritis of shoulder
Postoperative pain
Renal colic
Rheumatoid arthritis
Sciatica
Sprain
Stroke
Tennis elbow

 

2- Diseases, symptoms or conditions for which the therapeutic effect o acupuncture has been shown but for which further proof is needed:

 

Abdominal pain ( in acute gastroenteritis or due to gastrointestinal spasm)
Acne vulgaris
Alcohol dependence and detoxification
Bell’ s palsy
Bronchial asthma
Cancer pain
Cardiac neurosis
Cholecystitis, chronic, with acute exacerbation
Cholelithiasis
Competition stress syndrome
Craniocerebral injury, closed
Diabetes mellitus, non-insulin dependent
Earache
Epidemic haemorrhagic fever
Epistaxis, simple ( without generalized or local disease)
Eye pain due to subconjunctival injection
Female infertility
Facial spasm
Female urethral syndrome
Fibromyalgia and fasciitis
Gastrokinetic disturbance
Gouty arthritis
Hepatitis B virus carrier status
Herpes zoster ( human -alpha- herpes virus 3)
Hyperlipemia
Hypo- ovarianism
Insomnia
Labour pain
Lactation, deficiency

Male sexual dysfunction, non- organic
Meniere disease
Neuralgia, post-herpetic
Neurodermatitis
Obesity
Opium, cocaine and heroin dependence
Ostoearthritis
Pain due to endoscopic examination
Pain in thromboangiitis obliterans
Polycystic ovary syndrome ( Stein- Leventhal syndrome)
Postextubation in children
Postoperative convalescence
Premenstrual syndrome
Prostatitis, chronic
Pruritus
Radicular and pseudoradicular pain syndrome
Raynaud syndrome, primary
Recurrent lower urinary tract infection
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy
Retention of urine, traumatic
Schizophrenia
Sialism, drug induced
Sjögren syndrome
Sore throat ( including tonsillitis)
Spine pain, acute
Stiff neck
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
Tietze syndrome
Tobacco dependence
Tourette syndrome
Ulcerative colitis, chronic
Urolithiasis
Vascular dementia
Whooping cough ( pertussis)

 

3- Diseases, symptoms or conditions for which there are only individual controlled trials reporting some therapeutic effects, but for which acupuncture is worth trying because treatment by conventional and other therapies is difficult:

 

Chloasma
Choriodopathy, central serous
Colour blindness
Deafness
Hypophrenia
Irritable colon syndrome
Neuropathic bladder in spinal cord injury
Pulmonary heart disease, chronic
Small airway obstruction

 

4. Diseases, symptoms or conditions for which acupuncture may be tried provided the Practitioner has special modern medical knowledge and adequate monitoring equipment:

 

Breathlessness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Coma
Convulsions in infants
Coronary heart disease ( angina pectoris)
Diarrhoea in infants and young children
Encephalitis, viral, in children, late stage
Paralysis, progressive bulbar and pseudobulbar

 

REFERENCES

 

Medikal Akupunktur, Prof. Dr. Cemal Çevik
Ankara, 2001
The Foundations of Chinese Medicine, Giovanni Maciocia
Churchill Livingstone, 1998
Practice of Acupuncture, Hans- Ulrich Hecker, D, L. Ac, Angelika Steveling, MD, . Ac,
Elmar T. Peuker, MD, L. Ac, Joerg Kastner, MD, L. Ac
Thieme, 2005
Traditional medicine and modern health care. Progress report by the Director- General.
Geneva, World Health Organisation

 

Dr. Z. Işıl BİRKAN
Anesteziyoloji ve Reanimasyon Uzmanı
Akupunkturist / Nöralterapist

 

 

 

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